ОХРАНА МАТЕРИНСТВА И ДЕТСТВА В УКРАИНСКИХ ГУБЕРНИЯХ РОССИЙСКОЙ ИМПЕРИИ В ПЕРВОЙ ПОЛОВИНЕ ХІХ В.: НОВЫЕ ПОДХОДЫ И АЛЬТЕРНАТИВНЫЕ РЕШЕНИЯ
The protection of mother and child in the Ukrainian provinces of the Russian Empire during the first half of the 19th century: New approaches and alternative solutions
Several documents preserved in the archives of Kyiv (Ukraine) investigate the origins of mother and child protection in the Ukrainian lands that were part of the Russian Empire. This paper analyses, with reference to the first half of the 19th century, the historical, social and legal circumstances that influenced the establishment of the institution of motherhood and childhood protection. It also details several questions, important for our own times, such as the functioning of medical districts, the funding of medical institutions, the organisation of doctors and paramedics, the relations between doctors and local administration, etc.