Simulation Study of Critical Aspects of MIAB Welding for Analysis of Potential Factors Governing the Performance of Weld Formation

  • C. Mukti Department of Electronics and Communication, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore
  • S. Arungalai Vendan Department of Electronics and Communication, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore
Keywords: MIAB, AlNiCo, electric arc, magnetization, COMSOL


Magnetically Impelled Arc Butt (MIAB) welding, is a solid-state welding technique. The magnetic system of this technique is pivotal for the generation of the Lorentz force, which impels an arc to rotate along the periphery of the weld tubes and thus facilitates the heating of faying surfaces. The magnetic arrangement and the arc dynamics significantly impact the effectiveness of the welding process, eventually dictating the efficiency. This study case investigates the impact of the magnetic arrangement on the arc rotation and possible factors that cause irregularities in the (MIAB) welding through COMSOL simulation. The COMSOL simulation has served as a powerful tool to comprehensively analyse various arc dynamics and magnetic systems and extrapolate the observations to analyse the arc dynamics and magnetic systems involved in MIAB welding. By employing simulation studies, the research aims to unravel critical insights for an efficient design of the MIAB welding system. This work includes a study of the effect of magnetic forces on arc dynamics using various models and attempts to develop an analogy to the MIAB welding process. This is further utilized to explain the process variations in the form of arc displacement, electric potential distribution, and the possibility of self-demagnetization of AlNiCo magnets. Thus, it provides a foundation for advancing the technological aspects of MIAB welding to overcome the limitations and irregularities. This research is instrumental in enhancing the understanding of magnetic interactions involved in the MIAB process, which can further pave the way for improved welding machine designs and consequently, enable research on these lines that can help in establishing an optimized parametric window.

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