Understanding of the cyber risk on board ship and ship stability

  • Remus Zăgan Constanta Maritime University
  • Gabriel Raicu Constanta Maritime University
Keywords: maritime, cybersecurity, ship planning system, hull stress monitoring systems, ship stability.


In the last years cyber security has become a relevant issue for the maritime industry. The increasing digitalization in the maritime sector enables the remote communication between the ships and the headquarter company by means of information technology systems, and most of the operational technology (OT) equipment on board ships exchanges online communications data with the shore for monitoring the main functions of the ship. Failure the vessel operational technology (OT) equipment on board ship, like the ECDIS map for navigation, the steering systems and the main engine controls, has serious consequences. In this article we discussed the vulnerability of different OT equipments on board ship, and we highlighted how the hacker can inject some malware that affects the hull stress monitoring systems (HSMS), or can easy manipulate the EDI messaging text of the load plan (there is still a significant lack of security in the validation of message integrity) that finally leads to detrimental effects on the the ship’s stability.


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University of Galati, Fascicle XI Shipbuilding, pp.19-24, 2016.
How to Cite
Zăgan R, Raicu G. Understanding of the cyber risk on board ship and ship stability. Annals of ”Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati. Fascicle XI Shipbuilding [Internet]. 26Nov.2019 [cited 20Oct.2020];42:81-0. Available from: https://www.gup.ugal.ro/ugaljournals/index.php/fanship/article/view/2456