Climate Change Policies in the European Union
This article aims to highlight European policies on climate change taking into account the objectives of the Paris Agreement which aim to keep the global temperature below 2 °C and reduce carbon emissions. Therefore, Member States shall take measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve the objectives set. Presently, a particular emphasis is placed on mitigating climate change that is related to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and therefore EU Member States have adopted national programs to reduce emissions. The EU Energy-Climate Framework of 2030 was presented by the Commission on 22 January 2014, it is an effective way of communication which establishes a framework for EU policies on climate and energy in 2020-2030. In addition to mitigation climate change, adaptation is also needed to identify appropriate solutions to the effects of climate change and taking the best possible measures to prevent or reduce the damage that they may cause, as well as to identify the appropriate measures to achieve the objectives. EU strategy on adaptation to climate change has the role of supporting funding and research for the development of national strategies in the Member States, but also other actions related to EU policies.
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