Vocalitatea în opera La Sonnambula de Vincenzo Bellini

  • Adelina Diaconu Dunarea de Jos University of Galati
Keywords: Bellini, opera, belcanto, vocality, La sonnambula


Romantic Italian composer, born in Catania, nicknamed "Il Cigno di Sicilia" - The Swan of Sicily, Vincenzo Bellini adopted the compositional style of his 2 contemporaries (Rossini and Donizetti) - the bel canto style, enriching it with his gift for creating wonderful melodies . Richard Wagner admired in Bellini the pure melody, the simple nobility and the beauty of the song. His works, although few (10), are marked by a continuous ascent towards maturity, towards the most original achievement of romantic ideals, even anticipating the emergence of the national revolutionary romanticism, represented by the great Verdi. Among the most famous works of this kind are "Norma", "I Puritani", "I Capuleti ed i Montecchi", "La Sonnambula", "Il Pirata".

Bellini's melody is of a much wider nature than that of his predecessors, in the sense that it calls for ample vocal breathing and an unusual widening of the register palette. He largely abandons the idea of ​​the decorative beauty of the melody of Italian opera, his inspiration flow from the dramatic points where the emotion has reached a peak, demanding the triggering of the lyrical manifestation that transforms that emotion. Therefore, the Bellini melody cannot be identified with the melody of Italian opera in general, constituting a different sphere that sums up the characteristics of an original language within the meridional sensibility.