Vocalitatea și profilul psihologic al personajelor principale masculine din opera „Rigoletto” de Giuseppe Verdi

  • Adelina Diaconu Dunarea de Jos University of Galati
Keywords: Giuseppe Verdi, vocality, masculine roles, Rigoletto, psychological view


Giuseppe Verdi was a musician who knew how to emphasize drama in his creations, creating new melodic-rhythmic-harmonic typologies of characters, giving music a portrait role. By adhering to the Risorgimento (Revival) phenomenon and through his personal experiences, Verdi was preoccupied with human dramas and these appear transposed in the melodies, harmonies and rhythms he used, in the conflicts constantly existing in his works and in the strong personalities of the characters, hence resulting in the complexity of his musical language. After a series of remakes of the play, which received titles such as „La maledizione” or „Il Duca de Vendôme”, the opera „Rigoletto” premiered in 1851 at the La Fenice Theater in Venice, where it enjoyed great success with the public. The critics' reaction was less positive due to the lack of large ensembles, but they still recognized the novelty of the music, the vocal style, the structure of the musical numbers and, above all, the expressiveness of the orchestration, which evokes multiple emotions in the audience, depending on the dramatic situation.
Verdi's vocal expression is conditioned by the musical form, the melodic line, the rhythm and the psychological traits of the characters. All these aspects will also be used in the analysis of the voice of the two main male characters – the Duke of Mantua and Rigoletto.