Impact of high strength steels over large ships fore peak structure
The fore area of the ships in extreme conditions is commonly subjected to external impact pressures such as bottom slamming and bow impact. The phenomenon combined with a poor design can lead to local structural damage (cracks, dents, buckling of plate panels) and malfunction to the installations on-board of the ship. In the present article, a comparison study between different steel material grades is performed for a VLCC fore peak structure subjected to external and internal dynamic pressures under the Harmonized Common Structural Rules for Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers (H-CSR). Three steel grades generally used in the shipbuilding industry, one normal strength and two higher strength, are subjected for the assessment. The hull structure is built based on the benchmark crude oil carrier KVLCC2 surface developed by KRISO (Korea Research Institute for Ships and Ocean Engineering, and modelled with plate finite elements in FEMAP software. The study targets an optimization process to minimize the steel weight of the structural members by plate elements thickness reduction.