Review on the Elaboration and Morfo-Structural Characterization of Iron Oxide for Catalytic Applications

  • Ecaterina Magdalena MODAN University of Pitesti, Romania
  • Adriana-Gabriela PLĂIASU University of Pitesti, Romania
Keywords: iron oxide, hematite, magnetite, maghemite, properties, morphologies, elaboration


Magnetite, Fe3O4 exhibits the strongest magnetism of transition metal oxides. Hematite, α-Fe2O3 being the most stable oxide and semiconductor type n under environmental conditions, can be widely used in catalysts, pigments and gas sensors. Iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 and γ-Fe2O3) with superparamagnetic properties and low toxicity, are particularly useful for catalytic applications especially in the medical field. For these applications, the Fe3O4 and γ-Fe2Onanoparticles are usually smaller than 20 nm, where they have superparamagnetic properties, i.e. a high magnetic saturation moment and almost zero coercivity. This review presents the theoretical concepts of the structure properties of this oxide and the elaboration methods that make iron oxide the ideal candidate for catalytic applications.

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How to Cite
MODAN EM, PLĂIASU A-G. Review on the Elaboration and Morfo-Structural Characterization of Iron Oxide for Catalytic Applications. The Annals of “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati. Fascicle IX, Metallurgy and Materials Science [Internet]. 15Sep.2019 [cited 25May2024];42(3):21-7. Available from:

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