Vers une perspective sociologique de l’engagement ethique
It is undeniable that all societies aspire to a system of ethical values which guides human behavior, works for education, gives meaning to actions, and which recognizes in human beings the value and meaning of work and sacrifice. These values constitute the moral bond of every society, through a series of obligations, social control, regulation of individual behavior and protection from transgressions. Thus are defined the principles on the basis of which relations and norms are evaluated as well as positions and things are judged according to virtue or vice. This system of ethical values may derive from, among other things, a religious register or based on shared social norms transmitted by a given group or community. How did ethical values become an object of social studies? How do sociologists perceive ethical values? What is the sociological approach different from the religious approach? Does ethical commitment stem from the call of duty or is it only achieved through the control, authority and threat of the law? Is it possible to establish coherent ethical values adapted to the constantly evolving society?